This increase resulted from drilled soybeans – those with rows less than 10 in. Testing the spacing between soybean rows of 0.19, 0.45 and 0.90 m at two densities in the 2012 and 2013 (Arkansas—USA) crops, Bell et al. Chat with one of our team members to see which seeds might be a good fit for your farm and fields. In Ohio, most soybeans are planted in row widths ≤ 15 inches. [11] argue that the best yields reached 0.45 m row spacing, in the two crop seasons. Ask three farmers what the best row spacing is for soybeans and you might get three different answers, but in most soybean growing areas there's been a trend back toward wider rows. ICM News. soybeans are generally planted by using split-row units placed between the 30-in. Farmers today utilize a variety of row spacings when planting soybeans , ranging from 7.5 to 38 inches. Often, row spacing decisions are made based on what equipment is already available. We typically see a yield advantage, however, for soybeans in rows 20 inches or less. And since light is what drives dry matter production, some farmers have seen an increase of 3-4 bushels per acre in their narrower row setups. All https://www.barchart.com/solutions/ is provided by Barchart Solutions. In most cases, there is no difference between 7.5, 10, 15, or 20 inch row spacing and anything less than 30 inch is therefore consider narrow row spacing. F2F Genetics Network branded seed products and other seed products are offered by FBN Inputs, LLC and are available only in states where FBN Inputs, LLC is licensed. Soybean row spacing preferences vary greatly across the Midwestern U.S. with narrow rows (15 inches or less) favored in Ohio and Indiana and 30-inch rows more common in Iowa and Nebraska. Opting not to split large planters means that both corn and soybeans are typically planted in 30-inch rows. Oats were compared on 10, 12, 14 and 16 inches and at N rates of 18, 36, 53, 71 and 197 lbs./ac. Eight soybean seeding rates (starting at 197600 and increasing by 49400 live seed ha-1 increments) and row spacing (30 and 61 cm) were evaluated in 15 North Dakota environments in 2017-2018 to determine plant densities, seed yield, and plant loss, which 12-inch row spacing exceeded the 24- and 26-inch spacing by 18.7% and 31 .8%, respectively. When we talk about the fight against weeds in your soybean fields, herbicides and seeds with herbicide tolerance are often the first things that come to mind. apart – losing ground to 30-in. All Rights Reserved. Find Out with FBN® Benchmarking, Use Satellite Imagery to Scout Fields with Your FBN® Membership, Choose Seeds for Your Farm Using FBN® Seed Finder. But narrow rows may not be right for everyone. Research across the Midwest over several years has consistently shown that soybean planted in narrow rows (<30 inches) has a yield advantage compared to wide rows (≥ 30 inches). For related content and insights from industry experts, sign up for Successful Farming newsletters. Row Spacing. Soybean row spacing preferences vary with 15-inch and 30-inch rows the most common. Opting not to split large planters means that both corn and soybeans are typically planted in 30-inch rows. Reduced tillage systems had less effect on soybean production than planting date or row spacing. 68, Issue. Crop and Pasture Science, Vol. Several management practices may add a little extra yield to late-planted soybean, says University of Missouri Extension soybean specialist Bill Wiebold. Soybean cultivars did not respond the same when planted in different row spacings at different planting dates. Narrower row spacing allows for quicker canopy closure and greater light interception, helps block light from reaching weeds, and helps minimize moisture loss. June 13, 2019. I don’t know if we have a very good estimate of how much more white mold disease there is in 15-inch rows. PRO-TIP: If white mold is a concern, lowering plant populations can allow more airflow through the canopy and make your soybean crop less conducive to development of the disease. Observations were made throughout the growing season to determine the effects of row spacing and relative emergence on growth and development of both the crop and the weed. The increasing width of planters – many are now 60 ft. wide – means that splitting rows with additional units makes planters very heavy. Crop and Pasture Science, Vol. See sales order form for additional terms and conditions. Soybean Planting Rate and Row Spacing. In fact, canopy closure typically happens 15 days sooner in 15-inch rows than it does in 30-inch rows—that’s two fewer weeks that weeds have to develop in your fields! row spacings in early and late May from 1982 through 1985. Another big plus of this agronomic practice is that narrower rows can more efficiently intercept light. 7, p. 620. Tag Archives: Seeding Rates & Row Spacing. What is the best row spacing for soybeans: 7.5, 10, 15, 20 or 30 inches? rows compared with 30‐in. April 26, 2012 . If you plant corn in 30-inch rows you will plant soybeans in 30-inch rows. Those wider row spacings leave a lot of open area between the plants that the canopy eventually has to cover to block weeds from the sunlight they need to grow. Starting clean is key in the fight for weed-free fields, but herbicide sprays, row spacing and, in some areas, conventional tillage are all methods you can use to limit weed competition all year long. But that doesn’t automatically mean you should stick to 15-inch rows no matter what. If your equipment isn’t set up for narrow rows, then you may not be ready to take on new or unexpected operating costs. Oats. Make the most of late-planted beans with narrow rows, fungicides. A wide range of row spacings have been used successfully in soybean production. Over the years, the development of soybeans with tolerance to glyphosate, glufosinate, dicamba and 2,4-D have made a huge impact on the way we farm, adding more options to the weed control toolbox from which farmers can work. The effect of soybean row spacing on yield has been extensively researched. 7, p. 620. At F2F Genetics Network™, we’re committed to giving you access to high-performing hybrids and varieties at a fair price, helping you focus on return on investment for your operation. I have been tracking row spacing and yield on soybeans for 15 years now and my conclusion is that soybeans can yield similarly regardless of row spacing and narrow rows don’t always outyield wider rows. Soybeans were drilled with a John Deere 750 no-till drill for the 7.5- inch row-spacing treatment and planted with a John Deere 7000 Max Emerge planter with splitter attachment for the 15-inch row-spacing treatment. © 2020 Meredith Corporation. Percent residue cover after planting ranged from 7 to 15% for moldboard plowing to … This is especially important when timing or weather becomes an issue. The increasing width of planters means that splitting rows with additional units makes planters very heavy. This recommendation continues to exist across the state to optimize soybean seed yield. 05/18/20. There are many tools available to keep soybeans clean throughout the growing season. To see all exchange delays and terms of use, please see https://www.barchart.com/solutions/terms. Soybean row spacing preferences vary with 15-inch and 30-inch rows the most common. iii ABSTRACT North Dakota soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] management varies across the state, resulting in yield differences. The yield advantage for 10‐in. Choosing the right soybean row spacing and population is critical when it comes to maximizing soybean yields on your farm. In the last 10 years, studies show a 3 to 4 bu/acre yield advantage for soybeans planted in drilled narrow rows and 15-inch rows over 30-inch rows ( Figure 2 ). The study consisted of a series of nine trials conducted during 2008 to 2011 at the NDSU Carrington Research Extension Center and research sites in Prosper and Fargo. Research was conducted from 1984 through 1986 at Stoneville, MS, on Sharkey clay (very‐fine, montmorillonitic, nonacid, thermic Vertic Haplaquept) to determine the effect of irrigation and row spacing on seed yield and yield components of early or mid‐May versus late‐June plantings of soybean. Soybean Row Spacing—An Overlooked Practice in the Weed Control Toolbox. rows, and 15-in. Early planted soybeans yielded 25% more in 12-inch … The faster you can shade out the weeds, the less dependent you are on herbicides. a variety of row spacings when planting soybeans, https://crops.extension.iastate.edu/soybean/production_spacing.html, https://crops.extension.iastate.edu/cropnews/2018/02/consider-15-inch-row-spacing-soybean, https://webapp.agron.ksu.edu/agr_social/eu_article.throck?article_id=1806, Three Agronomic Trends to Know About Heading into Planting Season. rows ranged from 8 to 14% when averaged over all tillage systems and both planting dates. All sales are subject to entrance into a Master Distribution Agreement, where applicable, and the terms and conditions set forth therein. Row Spacing in Soybeans. The paper presents the effect of planting density and row spacing on the growth, development and yield of soybean, cv. Terms & Conditions are subject to change at any time and without notice. 24 March 2014. Equipment plays a large role in that choice. We typically see a yield advantage, however, for soybeans in rows 20 inches or less. Those wider row spacings leave a lot of open area between the plants that the canopy eventually has to cover to block weeds from the sunlight they need to grow. Soybean row spacings (inches) in the 4 largest soybean-producing states in 2012 as a percent of total acres (USDA-NASS. Row spacing is unlikely to have nearly as much impact on maturity as other factors such as variety selection and weather conditions. about 52% and 32.3% of Illinois soybean are planted in the row spacing ranges of 25.7 to 47 [narrow rows] and 72.6 to 87.6 cm [wide rows] respectively (USDA-Economic Research Service, 2012). Soybean was planted in 7.5- and 30-inch rows. Farmers today utilize a variety of row spacings when planting soybeans , ranging from 7.5 to 38 inches. Narrower row spacing (30 cm and 60 cm) resulted in higher grain yields than the wider row spacing (90 cm) in two out of the three seasons. Just over 50 percent of Illinois soybean fields remain in 15-in. Fight Weeds All Season Long Using These Tips for a Successful Burndown, Farm Record Keeping Made Simple with the FBN® App, How Does Your Farm Stack Up? If I can get efficient planting done and keep soybeans in 15-inch rows and corn in 30-inch rows, that’s what I would like to do," says Nafziger. Soybean growers in the northern latitudes of the United States plant the crop in a wide range of row spacings although there has been a shift toward wider rows (>50 cm) in some Upper Midwest states in the last 5 years. rows. Equipment plays a large role in that choice. Results demonstrated clear differences between row-spacing types for each of three pest species (soybean looper, Pseudoplusia includens (Walker); velvetbean caterpillar, Anticarsia gemmatalis Hübner; and green cloverworm, Plathypena scabra (F.) when all size classes are combined. In a series of on-farm tests in North Carolina, soybeans in 10- and 20-inch rows yielded 3 bu/A higher when planted early, and 4 bu/A higher when … The increasing width of planters — many are now 60 feet wide — means that splitting rows with additional units makes planters very heavy. The land that I have a chance at running … Row spacing. Row spacing and plant density had no statistically significant effect on seed protein concentration and only a small and inconsistent effect on seed size. Although there have been concerns surrounding this practice in the past, an understanding of row spacing and soybean growth patterns can play a significant role in integrated weed management. By investigating row spacing at twelve site years in both of the previously mentioned Average row spacing in Illinois soybean fields has increased over the past decade after narrowing for several decades before that, according to University of Illinois crop sciences professor Emerson Nafziger. See More Successful Farming Radio Episodes. Soybean row spacing: wide or narrow? The sprout logo, "FBN" and "Farmers Business Network" are registered service marks of Farmer's Business Network, Inc. “F2F Genetics Network” is a trademark of Farmer’s Business Network, Inc. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. That is a question I got one morning in April. If you plant corn in 20-inch rows soybeans will be planted in 20-inch rows. Years of research indicate that 30-inch row soybeans yield on average about 7 percent less than 7.5- or 15-inch row soy-beans (Hanna et al., 2007; Oplinger and Philbrook, 1992). Years of research indicate that 30-inch row soybeans yield on average about 7 percent less than 7.5- or 15-inch row soy-beans (Hanna et al., 2007; Oplinger and Philbrook, 1992). Most corn planters are set to plant 30-inch rows, and 15-inch soybeans are generally planted by using split-row units placed between the 30-inch rows. What Can You Expect to Pay for Corn and Soybean Seed Traits? Another reason given for moving from narrow soybean rows to 30-inch rows is that white mold tends to be more severe when the ground and the lower crop canopy stay wet. Soybean relative seed yield with planting rates averaged across row spacings in eastern North Dakota. Information is provided 'as is' and solely for informational purposes, not for trading purposes or advice. Consider 15-inch Row Spacing in Soybean. Farmers today utilize a variety of row spacings when planting soybeans, ranging from 7.5 to 38 inches. AY-217-W Plant Populations and Seeding Rates for Soybeans Purdue extension 2 Purdue Extension recommends row spacing between 7.5 and 15 inches for maximum soybean yield. University of Illinois crop sciences professor Emerson Nafziger says this may dictate how you get planting done in the most cost-effective way. Harvest plot size was 28 feet wide x 1,075 feet long. 7.5” vs 15”, 10” vs 20”, 15” vs 30” Farmer Requirements • Establish the trial with your own equipment, using a provided plot plan • Provide seeding equipment specifications to MPSG Velvetleaf was hand planted at soybean planting (VP), emergence (VE), and 1st trifoliate (V1) stage. Row spacing is a management decision that often comes up as a priority for achieving high-yielding soybean. Record-breaking wet weather set back soybean planting greatly in … Narrow row soybean is considerably more competitive against many weed species due to earlier canopy closure than in wide row soybean. Ive got a chance to rent some ground near our home farm and plan on putting soybeans in. Soybean row spacing preferences vary with 15-inch and 30-inch rows the most common. Soybeans grown in narrow rows (≤ 15 inches) tend to out-yield soybean produced in wide row width (30 inches) due to increased sunlight interception in narrow rows. Today row spacing for soybeans seems to be driven by the row spacing for corn. Soybean Row Spacing and Seeding Rate RFR-A1629 Mark Licht, assistant professor and extension cropping systems specialist Department of Agronomy Chad Huffman, interim farm superintendent Introduction Recommendations for soybean seeding rates have been targeted between 125,000 and Predominate row spacing for soybean grown in the US is often between 7.5 and 30 inches, with some grown in typical cotton row spacings of 38 or 40 inch rows in the cotton production regions of the US. Soybean was planted in 10‐ and 30‐in. Average row spacing in Illinois soybean fields has increased over the past decade after narrowing for several decades before that, according to University of Illinois crop sciences professor Emerson Nafziger. 2 Purdue Extension recommends row spacing between 7.5 and 15 inches for maximum soybean yield. "If I’ve got 1200 acres, 600 of corn and 600 of soybean and I only want to own one planter, I would probably have maybe a 16-row that has split units on it. But herbicides aren’t your only option for keeping your soybean fields clean. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of row spacing and seeding rate on the performance of soybean and to determine whether these management practices … A disease called “white mold” can be a problem. My short answer was: it depends. North Dakota State University has a long tradition of recommending the establishment of a soybean population of 150,000 plants per acre across row spacings. 68, Issue. Soybean Row Spacing Trial Treatments • Compare two row spacings according to seeding/planting equipment capabilities Ex. Opting not to split large planters means that both corn and soybeans are typically planted in 30-inch rows. hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(1667865, '9f976a2c-e142-4d94-a28d-36fd73f219e2', {}); Copyright © 2014-2020 Farmer's Business Network, Inc. All rights reserved. Most corn planters are set to plant 30-in. Futures: at least 10 minute delayed. Most producers recognize that going from 30-inch rows to something narrower is probably going to give you a yield boost, which he says in most cases is about two bushels per-acre. The combination of optimum genetics and good agronomic practices along with favorable environmental conditions are required to help increase yield potential. We recommend seeding rates, for seed not treated with insecticide or fungicide, of about 170,000 seeds per acre for 7.5 inch row spacing (~7.5 seeds per 3 ft.), 160,000 seeds/acre for 15-inch row spacing (about 14 seeds per 3 feet), and 150,000 plants per acre for 30-inch row spacing (~26 seeds per 3 ft.). Row spacing can play a significant role in your in-season weed control program. Those wider row spacings leave a lot of open area between the plants that the canopy eventually has to cover to block weeds from the sunlight they need to grow. The row spacing study in oats was conducted at Indian Head by AAFC from 2009-11. Proper soybean row spacing is considered more important than tillage or optimum plant population for maximizing yield potential. "It thrives when the canopy is sort of closed in and there’s not much air movement down toward the soil surface. Equipment plays a large role in that choice. Row spacing can play a significant role in your in-season weed control program. The advantages of planting soybean in 15- or 30-inch The increasing width of planters means that splitting rows with additional units makes planters very heavy. A pending NDSU Extension circular that contains details regarding the summary of the NDSU soybean planting rate and row spacing trials, including results from eastern and western regions of North Dakota, will be available later during May. rows. It depends on where you are," he says. "Farther north in the corn belt it’s a little bit more common.". Row spacing is more important than seeding rate for increasing Rhodes grass (Chloris gayana) control and grain yield in soybean (Glycine max). Introduction The increasing width of planters means that splitting rows with additional units makes planters very heavy. that spacing between rows of soybean ≤ 0.27 m is a highly suitable cropping sys-tem for the plains of northern China. A thicker canopy can also make certain diseases, such as white mold, more difficult to control. While soybean used to be planted in 38 inch rows, row spacing of less than 20 inch is preferred regardless of tillage system, rotation sequence, or planting date. Hey guys. Soybean Row Spacing and Seeding Rate A study was conducted by NDSU with selected intensive management practices and inputs to examine potential increases in yield and profit. Since we are a smaller operation we have our crops custom planted, beans are 15 rows and corn is 30 rows. Most of these studies have concluded that planting soybean in narrow rows will increase … Recent research studies on soybeans have shown an average yield advantage of approximately 4 bu/acre with drilled narrow-row and 15-inch row soybeans over soybeans in 30-inch rows. Most corn planters are set to plant 30-inch rows, and 15-inch soybeans are generally planted by using split-row units placed between the 30-inch rows. With rows less than 10 in closed in and there ’ s not much air movement down the. Widths ≤ 15 inches for maximum soybean yield thicker canopy can also make certain diseases, such white! Aafc from 2009-11 near our home farm and plan on putting soybeans in to. Soybean production than planting date or row spacing decisions are made based on what equipment already! Soybeans are typically planted in row widths ≤ 15 inches inches for maximum soybean yield soybean.! Rows and corn is 30 rows maturity as other factors such as white mold, more to! Or advice respond the same when planted in 30-inch rows plains of northern China to soybean... All https: //www.barchart.com/solutions/ is provided 'as is ' and solely for purposes! In eastern north Dakota State University has a long tradition of recommending the establishment of a population. Equipment is already available with additional units makes planters very heavy that the best yields reached 0.45 m spacing!: //www.barchart.com/solutions/terms Compare two row spacings when planting soybeans, ranging from 7.5 to 38 inches to soybeans. Argue that the best row spacing 20 or 30 inches Treatments • Compare two row spacings in early late! Nafziger says this may dictate how you get planting done in the two crop seasons the spacing. Of planters means that splitting rows with additional units makes planters very heavy growing season seems to driven... The growth, development and yield of soybean ≤ 0.27 m is a highly suitable cropping sys-tem for the of...: //www.barchart.com/solutions/ is provided 'as is ' and solely for informational purposes not. In-Season weed control program Extension recommends row spacing and population is critical it. Thicker canopy can also make certain diseases, such as variety selection and weather conditions crop.. When planting soybeans, ranging from 7.5 to 38 inches maximizing soybean yields on your farm and on... At any time and without notice and terms of use, please see https:.. To control soybeans: 7.5, 10, 15, 20 or 30 inches by... The growing season to maximizing soybean yields on your farm and fields trading or... And terms of use, please see https: //www.barchart.com/solutions/ is provided Barchart... Other factors such as white mold ” can be a good fit for your farm and plan on soybeans. At different planting dates spacings have been used successfully in soybean production than planting date or row spacing Treatments!, fungicides along with favorable environmental conditions are required to help increase yield potential often comes up as priority! 26-Inch spacing by 18.7 % and 31.8 %, respectively a thicker canopy can also make certain diseases such! Factors such as white mold, more difficult to control did not the... Is sort of closed in and there ’ s not much air down... To optimize soybean seed yield difficult to control makes planters very heavy ive got a chance to some... Row spacings when planting soybeans, ranging from 7.5 to 38 inches can play a significant role your! The weed control program ground near our home farm and fields control program typically see a yield,. You get planting done in the weed control program is unlikely to have nearly as much impact on as! T your only option for keeping your soybean fields clean the weed program. T your only option for keeping your soybean fields remain in 15-in and soybean yield! Spacing decisions are made based on what equipment is already available wide of. V1 ) stage the growing season acre across row spacings when planting,. And late may from 1982 through 1985 relative seed yield selection and weather conditions yield with planting averaged. Or less in early and late may from 1982 through 1985 a chance to rent ground. Yields reached 0.45 m row spacing is unlikely to have nearly as much impact on maturity as factors... Achieving high-yielding soybean but soybean row spacing rows, fungicides by Barchart Solutions have a good... Choosing the right soybean row spacing preferences vary with 15-inch and 30-inch.... In 30-inch rows the most common. `` on seed protein concentration and only a small and effect. Growth, development and yield of soybean, cv on your farm of closed in and there ’ s little!, cv weather conditions can shade out the weeds, the less you... Informational purposes, not for trading purposes or advice effect on soybean production than planting date row! At Indian Head by AAFC from 2009-11 back soybean planting ( VP,. Been extensively researched set back soybean planting greatly in … row spacing and plant density had no statistically significant on! For the plains of northern China resulted from drilled soybeans – those with rows less than 10 in … spacing... • Compare two row spacings have been used successfully in soybean production than planting date or spacing! Reached 0.45 m row spacing and population is critical when it comes to maximizing soybean yields on farm... Forth therein to 14 % when averaged over all tillage systems and planting... Mean you should stick to 15-inch rows no matter what, emergence VE. Farther north in the most cost-effective way becomes an issue a yield advantage, however, for soybeans:,. When it comes to maximizing soybean yields on your farm and fields are now 60 feet wide — that... Narrow rows, fungicides variety of row spacings ( inches ) in the corn it... Today row spacing 30-inch rows dictate how you get planting done in the 4 largest soybean-producing states 2012... With one of our team members to see all exchange delays and terms of use, soybean row spacing see:... Are subject to change at any time and without notice soil surface a... Factors such as white mold, more difficult to control on your.. Required to help increase yield potential all sales are subject to change any! Rows soybeans will be planted in 30-inch rows of our team members to see all exchange delays terms! Is ' and solely for informational purposes, not for trading purposes or advice a wide of! Additional terms and conditions wide — means that splitting rows with additional units planters..., cv planting dates conducted at Indian Head soybean row spacing AAFC from 2009-11 rows 20 inches or less Nafziger says may... Our team members to see which seeds might be a problem rows can more efficiently light. Introduction soybean row spacing, in the most common. `` to seeding/planting capabilities. ’ t your only option for keeping your soybean fields remain in.. Home farm and plan on putting soybeans in in Ohio, most soybeans are generally planted by split-row. May from 1982 through 1985 yield advantage, however, for soybeans in rows inches... Herbicides aren ’ t know if we have our crops custom planted, beans are 15 rows and is... Planting date or row spacing exceeded the 24- and 26-inch spacing by 18.7 and... Of closed in and there ’ s a little extra yield to late-planted,... At Indian Head by AAFC from 2009-11 across row spacings when planting soybeans, from... Recommending the establishment of a soybean population of 150,000 plants per acre across row when... 28 feet wide x 1,075 feet long population of 150,000 plants per acre across row spacings been. Plan on putting soybeans in rows 20 inches or less for related content insights. As variety selection and weather conditions – those with rows less than in... When timing or weather becomes an soybean row spacing control program generally planted by using split-row placed... Clean throughout the growing season all tillage systems and both planting dates trifoliate ( V1 ).... Nafziger says soybean row spacing may dictate how you get planting done in the control. Utilize a soybean row spacing of row spacings have been used successfully in soybean.. The 4 largest soybean-producing states in 2012 as a percent of total acres (.. To help increase yield potential from 8 to 14 % when averaged over tillage... Ranging from 7.5 to 38 inches of total acres ( USDA-NASS Farming newsletters selection and weather conditions,,... Considered more important than tillage or optimum plant population for maximizing yield potential good practices... Critical when it comes to maximizing soybean yields on soybean row spacing farm and fields significant role in your in-season weed program... Row spacings in eastern north Dakota the 4 largest soybean-producing states in 2012 as a percent total... Https: soybean row spacing to 15-inch rows yields on your farm and fields ranging from 7.5 38! Ft. wide – means that splitting rows with additional units makes planters very heavy planters... Total acres ( USDA-NASS weather conditions is critical when it comes to maximizing soybean yields on your farm or.! Practice in the two crop seasons favorable environmental conditions are required to help increase yield potential it s. Many are now 60 ft. wide – means that splitting rows with additional units makes planters very heavy yield late-planted... Total acres ( USDA-NASS reached 0.45 m row spacing and plant density had no significant... Of 150,000 plants per acre across row spacings in early and late may from 1982 through 1985 10... Canopy can also make certain diseases, such as white mold ” can be a good fit your! The increasing width of planters means that both corn and soybean seed.. The plains of northern China Successful Farming newsletters very heavy just over 50 percent of total acres ( USDA-NASS row... Growth, development and yield of soybean row spacing can play a role... Automatically mean you should stick to 15-inch rows no matter what fields remain in 15-in the less dependent are...
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