In his early childhood, his father taught him traditional calligraphy and the scholastic canon of China's long history. Thus, this artwork was banned. Xu Bing returned to China in 2008, the year he was commissioned to create “Phoenix” and he has continued to challenge Chinese culture, politics, history and values ever since. Musée: Vanguard of Photography Culture / Xu Bing, the renowned Chinese artist whose many laurels include a MacArthur Foundation "genius" award and an appointment as vice president of China’s Central Academy of Fine Arts, has long demonstrated a fascination with the written word.. His groundbreaking work, Book from the … January-February 2003, By Robert E. Harrist Jr. / Despite the high walls languages build between people, Xu Bing creates abstractions of the Chinese language to enable viewers of all nationalities to associate with and value in his works. Xu Bing justified this by saying that if they were facing the Altar, the artwork would be too religious which draws away from the original meaning. A direct response to 17th-Century painter Wang Shimin, Background Story Seven turns the mundane and the discarded into the elegance and tranquility which was so respected in Chinese landscape painting during the country's imperial past, and it is China's history that Xu Bing repeatedly connects with in his work, no matter how diverse its materials or style. The New York Times / Why did I have this idea and create this form of writing? The result is a readable story without words, an account of twenty-four hours in the life of “Mr. However, instead of frustration with the dichotomies of language, Xu expresses a desire for harmony in his Square Word Calligraphy. Xu Bing, one of China’s most celebrated and unconventional artists, moved to America in 1990, when China’s contemporary art scene was tightly … In 2014, the lab Dr. Xu worked in published two algorithms: Gausianface and DeepID, where the facial recognition performance of an algorithm surpassed that of humans for the first time, a feat broadly published by various media outlets such as Science and Nature. Xu Bing subtly suggested how the amalgamation of various cultures and their products affects our perception of a piece of artwork. Xu Bing spent seven years gathering materials, experimenting, revising, and arranging thousands of pictograms to construct the narrative of Book from the Ground. What is consistent in his work through the 1980s and 1990s is a connection with China's deeply-rooted scholastic traditions, something which he was taught by his intellectually-minded father in private, despite the external transformations of the Chinese language which were being implemented by Chairman Mao. Image courtesy of Xu Bing Studio. The idea of the phoenixes was originally conceived due to the cage like structure of the building, which inspired the appearances of taking flight, upwards and outwards. ‘Phoenix’ was constructed carefully over a two-year period out of “ready made” recycled construction materials. The event was co-sponsored by the Milstein Program for Technology & Humanities. It was initially designed as a site-specific artwork that was to hang from the glass atrium of Beijing’s World Financial Centre. Xu Bing is a contemporary Chinese installation artist and one of China’s best-known creative figures. However, his meticulous positioning and stylistic play with the letters has rendered words into the square shapes which characterize the aesthetics of Chinese calligraphy, with the works speaking "to the problems [he] encountered in a foreign country" Still affected by the linguistic upheavals of the Cultural Revolution, Bing here explores our perception of language further, whilst incorporating his experiences with learning English. In an entirely different space to the one in which it was intended for, the Phoenix took a whole new meaning. Xu Bing said that he chose the bird to suggest "escaping the confines of human written definition." Xu Bing wanted to hang the recycled birds from the immaculate and architecturally magnificent building in order to create contrast and raise ideas regarding the schism between wealth and labour. As the work was reinstalled in the fall of 2018 for a major retrospective for Xu Bing, the monumental work was described as defining the post-Mao period in China, "it evokes the doubt - that old and cherished signifiers had lost their referents - that prevailed among intellectuals in post-reform China, many of whom pored over the work, obsessively looking for a single, real character.". Beijing Review / In particular, they targeted “A Book from the Sky” suggesting that the meaningless symbols may hide subversive content. In all of Xu’s art we find obstacles to habitual ways of thinking. His earliest works explored the transmission of knowledge through language, calligraphy and traditional Chinese aesthetics, which evolved into a global critique of cross-cultural communication in the 1990s, and into his recent turn to the impact of modern technologies on the environment and human psyche. A commonality between these materials is that they were collected from the construction site of Beijing’s Financial Centre. Xu Bing, Square Calligraphy Classroom, 1994-96, red-line tracing book, 41.3 x 27.3 cm. ", "Transformation happens too fast, leaving no time for introspection. The viewer must confront and overcomes their initial assumptions over the course of experiencing this work, as the transition from the front to the rear of the piece takes us from what is known and recognizable to a wholly unexpected understanding of its essence. This comment relates specifically to the differences between the West and Bing's home country, which he notes maintains a penchant for frugality and recycling. A Curatorial introduction to Xu Bing: A Retrospective When he was a child, Xu Bing recalls, his mother was so busy working at the Peking University Library Department that she would often “lock” him in the book storeroom. My enlightenment came much later than it did for the group of people in No Name, Today and Stars. By creating a written world of nonsense in the guise of an age-old authority, he recreates his own sense of confusion when growing up through changes to language, by which he lived in two worlds, creating Maoist propaganda slogans at school, and being taught the traditional scholastic canon by his historian father at home. Xu Bing's A Book from the Sky 1988 Chinese printmaker Xu Bing is a teacher at Beijing's prestigious Central Academy of Fine Arts and a respected practitioner of … See available prints and multiples, works on paper, and installation for sale and learn about the artist. Since then, Xu Bing has continued to exploit the viewers expectations, by merging Roman letters and Chinese Script, using characters as a means to draw the landscape, and tracing the evolution from the pictographic origins of the Chinese written language to its breaking point, in the form of Chairman Mao's Simplified Chinese characters. View Xu Bing’s 394 artworks on artnet. They were all created to estrange concepts. The Cultural Revolution was a social-political movement that occurred in China that aimed to preserve Communist ideology. This critique of modern Western behaviors lies in contrast to his later critiques of industrial China. At the Aldrich Contemporary Art Museum in Ridgefield, Connecticut, Chinese artist Xu Bing is showing some highly addictive work.His installation, called "Tobacco Project," uses the eponymous poisonous leaf as its muse and medium, turning the material into maps, books, and printed poems that confront the omnipresent ills of a nicotine-dependent culture. Xu also began painting at a very young age, which he says he never stopped because "stubbornness" kept him practicing. Using traditional ink work techniques, the characters again appear to be Chinese at first glance. As well as the use of crates as part of the artwork, the MoCA building added to the meaning. All Rights Reserved, Xu Bing and Contemporary Chinese Art: Cultural and Philosophical Reflections, The Art of Xu Bing: Words without Meaning, Meaning Without Words, Reinventing Tradition in a New World: The Arts of Gu Wenda, Wang Mansheng, Xu Bing, and Zhang Hongtu, Landscape Landscript: Nature as Language in the Art of Xu Bing, Artefacts of Writing: Ideas of the State and Communities of Letters from Matthew Arnold to Xu Bing, Book from the Ground: From Point to Point, V&A page on Xu Bing's outdoors installation piece at the museum, Massachusetts Museum of Contemporary Art's page on Xu Bing's Phoenix Project, Xu Bing's official Instagram account, managed by his studio, Exterior Form - Interior Substance: A Conversation with Xu Bing, Background Stories: Xu Bing's Art of Transformation, Xu Bing: An Artist Who Bridges East and West, Review of Xu Bing: Book from the Ground at CFCCA, Manchester, The Artist Rejecting East-West and Old-New Dichotomies, Fruits of surveillance: Xu Bing Interview about "Dragonfly Eyes", Inside China's Dystopian Dreams: A.I., Shame and Lots of Cameras, Intellectual by Nature, Poet at Heart: Xu Bing, Above the Drowning Sea: 'Square Word' with Xu Bing, An Installation by Xu Bing at the British Museum: Background Story 7, Full-frame Close-up: Xu Bing, Contemporary Chinese Artist, Square Word Calligraphy (from 1994 onwards), Xu Bing is among a generation of artists, including, Widely recognized for his manipulation of the written word, Xu's oeuvre exemplifies the artist's constant exploration of socio-political concerns in his art. The third of five children, he spent his childhood years growing up in Beijing, where his parents moved to work at Peking University when he was two years old. However, realizing the nonsensical nature of the characters redefines this feeling of calm into bewilderment. However, it is not simply an investigation of the calligraphic stroke that intrigues the internationally recognized artist, but how each tradition provides a means to transmit ideas and knowledge that the artist actively investigates. February 22, 2016, By Yin Yijun / This discomfort forces the audience to reorganize preconceived notions. Sixth Tone / ©2021 The Art Story Foundation. I have always maintained this attitude towards art: wherever you live, you will face the problems there. The wall panels, hanging scrolls and books which create the space conjure an atmosphere of almost religious sanctity and safety, with the whiteness of the paper evoking a purity of spirit, and their neat rows of black print permeate an aura of authority and knowledge. Xu Bing was born in Chongqing, in the newly-formed Communist People's Republic of China, in 1955. Sample pages from Xu Bing's Book from the Ground: From Point-to-Point. Perhaps this is why, when he later became an artist, the subjects of his works would always be closely bound to books. March 7, 2017, By Anthony Huang / ‘Phoenix’ is a sculpture of monumental birds that appear to be flying side by side. 13 years later, they moved to the U.S, but Xu Bings experience with the Cultural Revolution shaped his conceptual practice as his artwork commonly challenges the Chinese politics, culture and history. The exhibition, entitled It Begins with Metamorphosis: Xu Bing, is curated by Yeewan Koon, and features a cross-section of Xu Bing's well-known works, as well as some of his latest works.In this interview with Xu Bing and curator Yeewan Koon, the artist discusses Andy Warhol, the … In school, he had to learn and practice the new official language of China ordered by Mao Zedong, the leader of China. Concurrent with the exhibition of his Square Word Calligraphy, Xu has even taught classes in the USA on the design and creation of this invented visual language. In fact, the Chinese concept of inscription does not exist in the West, but only in Eastern countries. For the Chinese audience in particular, Xu's Book from the Sky is profoundly disorientating. Pioneering Chinese contemporary artist Xu Bing creates powerful, poignant mixed-media installations, in which he subverts systems of language, upending expectations and perception. Xu Bing subtly suggested how the amalgamation of various cultures and their products effects our perception of a piece of artwork. The complex relationship between language (语言Yǔyán) and meaning has been a central preoccupation of his art. Critic Cate McQuaid describes them as looking as “celestial as they look trashy”. The illusionistic works challenge the viewer's perception. This might not seem unusual, as the relationship between calligraphy and ink painting goes back well over a millennium in the Chinese tradition. ‘Phoenix’ is currently installed in the Cathedral Church of St John the Divine. He also reflects on the generational differences which have gradually de-valued materials and objects over time, stating that his mother "hesitates to throw away even the smallest things," but that now our 'throwaway culture' means much of what could be useful goes to waste. For Xu Bing there is no true boundary between language and art, between the written word and the drawn image, nor between the past and present that does not beg to be explored. The sculpture is composed of twenty-one laminated wood pieces, each of which forms the word “monkey” in one of twenty-one languages and writing systems, … When asked about the placement, Xu Bing replied, “the girl is closer to God.” The phoenixes face towards the bronze doors of the Cathedral as if they are about to take flight. May 19, 2011, By Charlie Bennett / Upon Xu Bin's departure, Book from the Sky was not shown again in China for nearly 20 years, despite multiple international installations of the work. Using what appears to be a variety of traditional brushstroke techniques, the artist composes a scene with alum lump rocks in the foreground, with a series of rounded hills rising and receding into the distance, complete with the requisite pine trees, with a small residence tucked away, ideally on the lakeside, in the center of the image. Xu Bing The artist explores the link between Language and Cultural Experiences. Xu Bing Xu Bing was born in China in 1955 His parents were a professor and a librarian. The Tiananmen square pro-democracy protests and the massacre of June 1989, led to the questioning of the avant-garde movement. [1] Yet, I have always felt a deep respect for these people. [right] Figure 5. See available prints and multiples, works on paper, and installation for sale and learn about the artist. In keeping with his previous work with calligraphy, which challenged the audience's preconceived ideas about their surroundings whilst maintaining a reverence of tradition, Xu Bing's Background Story series employs traditional Chinese aesthetics to promote this same inquisitive mindset. For Xu Bing, to be invited to return to Beijing in 2008 was like a trip back through the looking-glass. During this time, Xu Bing’s Father was fired from his job and was sent to the countryside. As part of cultural reform, the Maoist government simplified written Chinese, whilst also diverging from the subtlety and delicacy of its traditional use in their propaganda slogans, which were direct and aggressive. January 17, 2008, By Glenn Harper / These also suggest some accessible resources for further research, especially ones that can be found and purchased via the internet. ", "I hope that the work I do...benefits society, that it inspires thought", "Art must confront the questions of today, and wherever there are questions, you will have art", "Language is a fundamental part of culture. Both following and questioning this "venerated tradition" is a constant theme throughout Xu's works up until the early 2000s, stemming from his scholastic upbringing, and his appreciation of the physicality of books and writing which he learnt through spending days on end in Peking University's library reading rooms, where his mother would send him while she worked. The title of the installation points to the Buddhist inspiration that informs Xu Bing's work. ", "For me, traditional and contemporary, East and West...are mutual and interchangeable. View Xu Bing’s 394 artworks on artnet. In 2007, as Xu Bing returned to China from the United States, the work was included with "'85 New Wave: The Birth of Chinese Contemporary Art" exhibition at the Ullens Center for Contemporary Art in Beijing. Bing continued to work with the written word after his move to the USA in 1990. The crates create not only a border which is a literal representation of the divide that affects immigrants but also a representation of global trade and additionally wealth. A trailer for Xu Bing's 2017 film Dragonfly Eyes, which was created using footage entirely from surveillance videos. Xu Bing, a Chinese artist who lived in the United States before returning to China in 2008 and maintains studios in London and Beijing, has a show at the British Museum. Xu Bing is known for pushing political and social boundaries within his culture. By Wang Yanjuan and Chen Wen / [Internet]. The Living Word, Xu’s third version of the piece but the first to be exhibited in … ", "Artists and art derive from a deep connection to the environment and nature. ", "[My] works aren't uniform in format or appearance because I've never considered art according to genres or styles", "Because of the education system [in China] and the experience of the Cultural Revolution...my personality may be buried in a very, very deep place. NEC Corporation (NEC; TSE: 6701) today announced the establishment of NEC X, Inc. (NEC X) in Santa Clara, California, in the heart of Silicon Valley, in order to capitalize on the region's startup ecosystem and accelerate the development of new business based on the strengths of NEC's Central Research Laboratories technologies. In doing so, the artist forces the viewer to confront how meaning is generated and consumed through language, to consider not only the message, but the vehicle through which it is disseminated. Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. One of my favorite artworks is Xu Bing’s 1st Class (2011), a rug made from half-a-million cigarettes.They stand leaning against each other on the floor to form a 40-by-15-foot “tiger pelt,” the stripes changing from tobacco-brown to filter-orange as you move around the piece. He is fascinated by … Walls constructed of crates, which were used to transport the parts of ‘Phoenix’, guide the pathway to the majestic birds. Through May 24, 2015 . They are like the two ends of a magnet. Xu Bing said “In Chinese culture, the phoenix symbolizes the hopes and desires of a better future, even when those hopes are not necessarily realisable”. MoCA director, Joseph Thompson, said “the crates are symbols of commerce, of trans global movement”. Xu Bing merged these two meanings in order to challenge the audience’s understanding of the artwork. New York Times / After years of preparation, he created Square Word Calligraphy, which he often calls New English Calligraphy as he transforms English words nearly beyond recognition in the style of Chinese characters. Xu Bing: interview. When he exhibited Book from the Sky in 1988, the audience was both in awe of his dedication to the 4,000 laboriously carved, seemingly traditional characters of text on hanging scrolls and in books, and astonished to realize that characters were entirely fictional. The male, Feng, measures 90 feet long while the female, Huang, measures 100 feet long. In 2004, Xu Bing embarked in a new direction, moving away from his language-based works with a series, titled Background Story, of mixed-media installations. Image courtesy of Xu Bing Studio. Xu Bing (Chinese: 徐冰; pinyin: Xú BÄ«ng; born 1955) is a Chinese artist who served as vice-president of the Central Academy of Fine Arts.He is known for his printmaking skills and installation art, as well as his creative artistic use of language, words, and text and how they have affected our understanding of the world. The materials were considered when Xu Bing experienced the horrendous working conditions of the immigrants working at the construction site of the financial centre. The commissioner asked if it would be possible to coat the artwork in a layer of crystals, but, as this would defeat the purpose of the artwork, Bing refused and the commission fell through. ... (“Xu Bing”) and my personal seal (“Xu”) on the right. The third of five children, he spent his childhood years growing up in Beijing, where his parents moved to work at Peking University when he was two years old. SenseTime’s Co-Founder, Bing Xu, graduated from the Chinese University of Hong Kong. With multiple levels of meaning attached to Background Story, Xu Bing primarily prompts us to question our surroundings, as he did in his calligraphic work, so that we are continuously aware of what is real, and what is merely a mirage - he wants us to realize that our external world, contrary to our belief, is ever-changing and transformative. Xu Bing is a contemporary Chinese installation artist and one of China’s best-known creative figures. Despite the high walls languages build between people, Xu Bing creates abstractions of the Chinese language to enable viewers of all nationalities to associate with and value his works. However, things are not as they first seem - Book from the Sky is, in fact, a collection of meaningless glyphs, imagined characters created by the artist to trick the viewer. In trying to find a way into Xu Bing’s spectacular work, that is, in trying to find the human element within the larger scope of the painting’s natural world, I took as my starting place the small figure of a Chinese man sitting on a bench in the forefront of the screen. Monkeys Grasp for the Moon is a suspended sculpture designed specifically for the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery by Chinese artist Xu (shoo) Bing, who was born in 1955 and grew up during the Cultural Revolution (1966–76). Aesthetica Magazine / At first glance, and to anyone who cannot read Chinese script, the pages appear simply as an elegant example of traditional Chinese calligraphy, evoking the richness and sophistication of China's long literary history. Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. Culturally, he explores his identity as both Chinese and American, bridging the gap in some examples through writing out simple nursery rhymes in this format, and in others poignant slogans about freedom of expression. Kai Yin-Lo comments on this by observing that, "while well versed in tradition, and in the culture and mores of the Communist regime, Xu Bing also poses cerebral and representational challenges to their validity and values." Asia Society is currently hosting the artist's first-ever solo exhibition in Hong Kong. ", "You have to find a new way to say something that no one else has said before, so you must continuously find a new way to speak. Determined not to give up, Xu Bing persisted at his artwork and it was later featured as an installation at the Massachusetts Museum of Contemporary Art. Dan Cameron, former curator at the New Museum, explains: "the use of time-honored techniques to teach people a new way to write in English might be taken as an homage to a venerated tradition." Translation by Jesse Robert Coffino and Vivian Xu . Create your own unique website with customizable templates. The books and articles below constitute a bibliography of the sources used in the writing of this page. To talk about my '70s, is to talk about my history of ignorance. Approaching the five-foot-tall piece, small clues suggest that things are not as simple as they first seem; instead of the traditional ink work on paper, objects appear to visually fall behind the surface of the paper. Is Xu Bing referencing manipulation during Mao Zedong’s reign? Content compiled and written by Amy McCaffrey, Edited and revised, with Summary and Accomplishments added by Molly Enholm, "To manipulate the written word is to transform the very essence of culture. You can see Xu Bing and his crew at work in the video below. If you see the world through language, you observe that it focusses your thinking, your thought patterns. The building was previously leased as a fabric-printing factory, that employed vast amounts of Chinese immigrants and therefore has relevance to the materials used to create the artwork. Chinese Printmaker, Calligrapher, Installation Artist and Filmmaker. Oct 2017, By Paul Mozur / The Philip and Patricia Frost Art Museum. After the end of the Cultural Revolution, he enrolled in the Central Academy of Fine Arts (CAFA), where he would serve as a professor, while also being active with the experimental artists collectively known as the 85 New Wave. In this video, Xu Bing speaks about why he created a new and ‘meaningless’ language. Through challenging common preconceptions, Book from the Sky forces the viewer to re-evaluate ideas about the authority of language. It doesn't reveal itself in daily life, but it shows itself when I create. Black,” a … As a child, he was surrounded by great literature. by LILLY WEI Xu Bing, the internationally acclaimed Chinese conceptual artist who works in a variety of disciplines and materials, in particular printmaking, ink painting, calligraphy, text and installation, and has also worked with silk worms and pigs, has just completed a major project in New York, the installation of his magnificent Phoenix. Xu Bing is a Chinese artist who has been creating works of wonder, blending Chinese traditions with contemporary art. The figures are lined with tiny LED lights, which illuminate the recycled materials at night. Among the artists participating in the 1989 exhibition was Xu Bing, now widely regarded as one of the most important artists of his generation, and whose sculpture The Living Word—one of his most important works—is currently on view at the Morgan Library & Museum in New York City. 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